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Decentralized and Self-Organizing IT-Infrastructures for Crisis Response and Management

5th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management ISCRAM2008

SPECIAL SESSION on Decentralized and Self-Organizing IT-Infrastructures for Crisis Response and Management

 

 

Motivation

Recent crisis like the recent Sumatra-Andaman earthquake and Hurricane Katrina demand quick first response organization as well as a high number of participating helpers and organizations. These two requirements are naturally supported by decentralized and self-organizing IT-infrastructures. While p2p systems like Groove achieve an easy way of enabling communication between heterogeneous first response teams. There are crucial inefficiencies in terms of network resource utilization, which is a vitally important requirement in crisis response situations.

There are still numerous open topics necessary to put crisis response and management software on a solid technical base. Focus for this special session is the technical management of distributed crisis response systems. The areas covered by this session are listed below. Additional contributions concerning crisis response systems that are not explicitly mentioned but fit into the scope of this session are welcomed as well.

Research Area

The technical challenges for a successful deployment of a Crisis Response and Management System can be divided in three main areas. While the base for communication, shown as TCP/IP based communication layer is crucial for a successful deployment of a Crisis Response System, the main focus of this special session is the second layer ìDecentralized and Self Organizing IT infrastructureî.

The underlying TCP/IP based communication layer becomes increasingly more a commodity product while intelligent replica placement, distributed storage, service discovery, access control and context awareness need to be provided by the second layer. Based on the available services and infrastructure of the second layer the top layer provides various user interfaces to the deployed services. While all three layers are needed for a successful deployment of a Crisis Response and Management System, the main focus of this session is on the design of the second layer.

Topics

- Overlay networks specialized for Decentralized Crisis Response and Management
-  Decentralized service discovery
-  Distributed information storage and retrieval
-  Decentralized and self-organizing mechanisms for replica management
-  Decentralized location awareness
-  Group membership and access control
-  Simulation environments for ìDecentralized and Self-Organizing IT-Infrastructures for Crisis Response and Managementî
-  Decentralized Crisis Response and Management Systems
- Systems Implications on Policy and Organizational Structures
-  Case Studies on ìDecentralized and Self-Organizing IT-Infrastructuresî
 

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